RES 701, Week 2, Scenario 1, Dealing with TRUTH.

Today’s class is going to discuss about the topic What is Truth? As a group work we discussed the below questions and shared each persons thoughts. After acquiring the data inside group Lars discussed each question in the class and let us to share our opinions. It was a nice discussion, it helps a lot to get idea regarding the truth, facts etc.

I am sharing my opinions below regarding the questions discussed in the class.

Is there a difference between ‘knowing’ something and ‘having knowledge’ of something?

In my perspective the final outcome of ‘knowing’ something and ‘having knowledge’ of something is same but, the way we approach these are different. ‘Knowing’ is a way of learning something from our experience. Suppose I am researching on a topic and you came to a conclusion follows certain facts and concepts, this is knowing something regarding the selected topic from my own experience which lead me to the conclusion. At the same time ‘having knowledge’ of something is like we are referring to the works or information did by some other person and I am learning certain topic using those information. At the end the outcome is same but the way we approach towards that particular topic differs.

What is Truth?

Truth can be defined as the facts or beliefs that supports something is true or accepted as true. Considering facts, almost for everyone the truth is same but in accordance with the beliefs it may vary on how we think? or what we think?. Hence the truth that exists in accordance with the beliefs may vary with people but, the truth that exists in accordance with the facts will be same for almost everyone. It can also be told as the inner feeling of a human being on how he/she approaches the truth.

What do we really mean when we say something is ‘true’?

According to the human behavior saying something is true can be of two things. First one, it is already known that it is true based on what learned or read second one, it came to known through the experience. So basically something is true if lot of persons considered it as true in accordance with facts or beliefs or in accordance with the personal experience. For my if I am saying something is true it truly depends on the facts which I got as conclusion over my experience. Some times those things which is depended on religious or culture I may consider my elder one’s facts which considered as a beliefs.

Is there a difference between knowing something is ‘true’ and believing that something is ‘true’?

Knowing and believing something is different. Knowing something is true is based on facts which acquired from information which happened to be made by some other persons. Believing that something is true is also based as above but, it differs in the confidence of us on how much we trust on it. Sometimes we may trust the conclusion did by some other person, only because they are succeeded to produce enough facts and points which made you to believe or trust them. At the same time if I did research on something and in the conclusion I will certainly believe my conclusion is true if and only if I am enough confident that I did the research precisely.

What is the difference between subjective and objective ‘truth’?

Objective truth can be defined as something which appears to true to the whole universe, even if someone says it is not true it can’t be proved. For an example Living organisms need Air and Water to live. Even if some one tries to argue that it is wrong it won’t be. At the same time subjective truths are those which may vary in accordance with the situation or people which depends on it. Some time it is true for those who made the judgment which may not be true for others. Taking an example, I am happy, this is one subjective truth which only depends on me. It can’t be same for the listeners. In the end I believe that Truth is Objective but its perception is Subjective.

What is a ‘fact’ and can ‘facts’ change ?

Fact can be defined as a thing which is known or proved to be true also, piece of information which makes certain things true and it is consistent. A fact becomes true when it has enough evidence to prove that is true. “The sun is a star” is a cosmological fact. Facts may change when considering history. To a certain extent history is an assumption even if we have evidences. For an example, with current available technology I am telling that certain creature was lived 10 million years ago but, it may change if much technological advancement. So sometimes some factors which supports the facts may change mostly, which came into a fact in depended with certain other factors.

How do we discover if something is ‘true’ or not?

Discovering something is true, is entirely depended on what the situation is? or what the truth is about? In some cases we will convince only when, we have facts and reasons to support the truth. On other case if we trust the source we will trust the truth also. Hence it is depended.

“We do not see things as they are but as we are” Anais Nin. What does this mean?

We see the world through our own visions and expectations. We have no single idea on how others think or see. The basic human behavior is that it always tends to visualize a concept or theory in their own way. But it differs according to people. The way we grew, the surroundings, the situations, everything is depended on this visualization. Hence people won’t get what I mean through my statements. They will visualize in their own way. The simplest example is poems. The poet writes a poem in his own words which implies certain inner meanings and feelings but, it is not appropriate to think that who ever reads that has to get the same meanings or feelings what poet tried to visualize through it. Hence complex poems need to have explanation to know what does it actually mean?

“Reality is an illusion, albeit a very persistent one”Einstein. What does this mean?

Reality is an illusion, yes sometimes we will feel like ‘Oh God is this happening?’ but it is. Even if we think it is an illusion it represents the sum of all of your previous decisions, actions and inaction. So whatever happens it is the outcome of our own. As it is said Reality is very persistent. Something will happen in the long go. It won’t miss you. There will be a reality and it depends on our actions. It may happen suddenly or it may take it’s own time but, in the end it will happen.

Is there a difference between ‘true’ and ‘valid’? Explain!

In a single statement it can be states as ‘true’ and ‘valid’ are synonyms but, with different basis. True is always true with inbuilt facts and reasons. At the same time some thing is valid is independent with whether it is true or not. In group participation like debates there is no such thing as true. Even if we support a matter which is logically false, we are intended to make it as valid and opposite tries to make their part valid. Hence validity depends on where we stands? or on what we supports?

True Valid
Concerned with What is the case? Concerned with whether conclusions follows from premises
  The validity of an argument is independent of the truth or falsity of the premises it contains